GRE

Graduate Record Exam abbreviated as GRE, is a general test conducted by Educational Testing Service (ETS), based in the United States of America. International Universities accept GRE scores for admission in their MS, M Arch, MA and PhD programmes. GRE basically tests verbal and quantitative aptitude along with hands on writing skills.

Test Sections

  • Verbal Reasoning: The verbal section of GRE revised general tests contains three types of questions:
  1. Reading Comprehension
  2. Text Completion
  3. Sentence Equivalence
  • Quantitative Reasoning: It measures problem-solving ability, focusing on basic concepts of arithmetic, algebra,  geometry and data analysis. It contains four types of questions:
  1. Quantitative Comparison Questions
  2. Multiple-choice Questions — Select One Answer Choice
  3. Multiple-choice Questions — Select One or More Answer Choices
  4. Numeric Entry Questions
  • Analytical Writing — Measures critical thinking and analytical writing skills, specifically your ability to articulate and support complex ideas clearly and effectively. Analytical Writing section of GRE consists of two separate writing tasks.
  1. Analyze an Issue task
  2. Analyze a an Argument task

Test Structure

Its test structure can be summarized as:

Sections

Number of Questions

Time Given

Analytical Writing Assessment

(One section with two tasks)

Task One- Analyze an issue

Task Two- Analyze an argument

30 minutes for each

Verbal

(Two sections of Verbal)

20 questions per section

30 minutes for each section

Quantitative

(Two sections of Quantitative)

20 questions per section

35 minutes for each section

Unscored*

Varies

Varies

Experimental**

Varies

Varies

 

Unscored* is the section which may come after the AWA section in any order. The score of this section does not contribute towards the GRE score.

Experimental** this section always come at the end of test. It is for the research purpose of ETS and does not count in the scores.

GRE Scores

GRE scores are calculated out of 340. There are verbal and quantitative sections on the GRE revised general test. For the quantitative and verbal reasoning assessments, the scores range from 130 to 170 points each section. For the analytic writing section, scores range from 0.0 to 6.0.

GRE Registration

It is offered as a computer-based test year round at most locations around the world and as a paper-based test up to three times a year in areas where computer-based testing is not available. In order to choose an exam date one need to create My GRE Account. Registration fees for GRE is $ 185 worldwide.

The GRE revised General Test is available at about 700 test centers in more than 160 countries.

Know More About GRE General Test

  • The GRE is a 3 hours 45 minutes examination.
  • You get one minute breaks between each section
  • After the 3rd section, you get a 10 minute break.
  • Your GRE score will be valid for 5 years.
  • The cost of writing the GRE varies from US $130 to $210 depending on your country.
  • You can use your GRE score in some universities to apply for business studies too.

 

 

                                                                   

 

 

 

GMAT

 The Graduate Management Admission Test (GMAT) is the first step toward a bright career with impact. GMAT is accepted by more than 5,800 business and management programs worldwide, for nearly sixty years.  The GMAT exam is administered by the Graduate Management Admission Council (GMAC), the global non-profit council of business schools who sets the standard for its ability to predict success in the classroom.  The GMAT is designed to measure how well your intelligence is suited for success in the business world.

Test Structure & Overview

The GMAT exam consists of four main sections—Analytical Writing Assessment, Integrated Reasoning, Quantitative, and Verbal.


GMAT TEST SECTION


NUMBER OF QUESTIONS


QUESTION TYPES


TIMING

Analytical Writing Assessment

1 Topic

Analysis of an Argument

30 Minutes

 

Integrated Reasoning

 

12 Questions

  • Multi- Source reasoning
  • Graphic Interpretation
  • Two- Part Analysis
  • Table Analysis

 

30 Minutes

 

Quantitative

 

37 Questions

  • Data Sufficiency
  • Problem Solving

 

75 Minutes

 

Verbal

 

41 Questions

  • Reading Comprehension
  • Critical Reasoning
  • Sentence Correction

 

75 Minutes

 

 

 

 

3 hours,30 min

  1. Analytical Writing Assessment Section: The Analytical Writing Assessment (AWA) is designed to measure your ability to think critically and to communicate your ideas. The AWA consists of one 30-minute essay. The candidate is required to analyze the reasoning behind a given argument and write a critique of that argument. He/ She are not being asked to present your own views on the subject.
  1. Integrated Reasoning Section: The Integrated Reasoning section consists of four question types, which require you to analyze and synthesize data in different formats and from multiple sources. It is a 30-minute Integrated Reasoning section tests. Almost all question formats require multiple responses. Questions are designed to measure how well you integrate data to solve complex problems, so you must answer all parts of a single question correctly to receive credit.
  • All answer choices for a single question are presented on the same screen. You must submit responses to all parts of the question before moving on to a new question on another screen. Once you answer a question, you may not go back and change the answer.
  • Data presented in text are approximately 300 words or fewer.
  • Answer options don’t provide information or clues that will help you solve other questions.
  • One set of data is used for several Multi-Source Reasoning questions, but the questions are independent of one another—you won’t have to answer one question correctly to be able to answer another.
  1. Quantitative Section: There are two types of questions that appear in the Quantitative Section: Problem Solving, and Data Sufficiency.
  • Problem Solving questions: are regular mathematical questions. There are 3 topics covered by GMAT problem solving: arithmetic, algebra and geometry.
  • Data Sufficiency questions are a bit different than your normal math problems. You will be given a mathematical question, and 2 statements. Your task is to determine whether the statements given provide sufficient data to answer the question.
  1. Verbal Section:: There are 3 different types of questions in the Verbal Section, these are: Sentence Correction, Reading Comprehension, and Critical Reasoning questions.
  • Reading Comprehension: measures your ability to understand, analyze, and apply information and concepts presented in written form. This section of the GMAT exam includes passages from several different content areas. The passage can be on any topic in the world, from business to science.  All questions are to be answered on the basis of what is stated or implied in the reading material. Reading Comprehension passages are accompanied by interpretive, applied, and inferential questions.
  • Sentence Correction questions test your knowledge of sentence structure, including grammar, usage, diction and expression. Sentence Correction questions ask you which of the five choices best expresses an idea or relationship. The questions will require you to be familiar with the stylistic conventions and grammatical rules of standard written English.
  • Critical Reasoning questions require you to use logical thinking. Critical Reasoning questions are designed to test the reasoning skills involved in making arguments, evaluating arguments, and formulating or evaluating a plan of action.  

GMAT Preparation

GMAT preparation usually requires dedicated effort of just over a month. However, if you are working professional and have hectic working hours then you should start your GMAT preparation at least 3-4 months before GMAT registration date that you have taken.

Once you’ve decided to take the GMAT for whatever reason, you should register. When you set a test date, paid the registration fee, and you’re sure that you’ll be taking the GMAT soon, it’s time to start studying.

Follow some useful tips for cracking GMAT exam:

  • Practice a lot:  It will also give you the idea that how much time you are taking to solve a particular section. While practicing the mock papers you can also do time management to attempt all the sections of the exam.
  • Attempt fist five questions well:  The initial few questions in GMAT exam determine the level of question you are going to handle in the exam. So it is really important that you will give right kind of replies to your first five questions which might prove decisive for your exam.
  • Try to complete the exam: Always set a goal that you will try to complete all the sections of the exam.
  • Do not waste time:  It is always suggested that do not waste time during the exam. If you are unable to solve a particular section or a specific question then move to next segment without wasting much time. Do not go back to help page again and again it will consume lots of time.
  • Avoid random guessing: The pattern of the exam does not allow aspirants to go back to the previous page as you can do in the paper based exam. It is always suggested to make the educated guess rather than making a random guess even if you lack time.

GMAT Test Dates

If you are a Graduate student with min. of 2-3 years of work experience and planning to do MBA from top US colleges and universities, then first thing you need to do is register for GMAT Exam. Here are the few pointers that you should consider before selecting out of available GMAT test dates.

  • Check out the average GMAT score requirement and MBA application deadline for your target university.
  • Take the GMAT test date at least 3-4 months before the MBA application deadline.
  • GMAT test dates availability varies from location to location and number of test centers in your city.

Check GMAT test dates availability on GMAT website http://www.mba.com.

GMAT Result

The GMAT exam yields five scores: Analytical Writing Assessment, Integrated Reasoning, Quantitative, Verbal, and Total. Each score is reported on a fixed scale and will appear on the official GMAT Score Report that you and your designated score recipients (graduate management programs) receive. Your score report includes all GMAT scores from tests taken in the past five years.

How to Obtain Your Score Report: You must keep your unofficial score report so that you can access your official scores later, about 20 days after your test date.

How to Understand Your Score Report: Discover how much you have scored and ranked on each section, download a sample score report, and get answers to frequently asked questions.

Send Scores to Schools: Select up to five (5) GMAT programs to receive your official scores.

How Schools Use Your Scores: GMAT exam scores provide graduate management professionals with a consistent, standardized evaluation tool for all applicants.

Cancelling Your Scores: You may cancel your scores at the test center, but only before you view them.

SAT

Scholastic Aptitude Test is a standardized aptitude test that measures intellectual ability of a student who is seeking admission in US colleges and Universities in the Undergraduate courses. SAT score predicts the future performance of a student in college –level studies. But SAT score is not at all the sole criterion for admissions. Admission committees also consider high school grades, recommendations, essays and other relevant information related to the courses.

SAT was initially developed by Educational Testing Service (ETS) who still administers the test but now it is owned and developed by College Board.

SAT consists of two exams:

  • SAT Reasoning Test (SAT I)
  • SAT Subject Test (SAT II)

Lets discuss SAT Reasoning Test (SAT I) in detail.

SAT Reasoning-Test Structure

Total time duration of SAT is of three hours and forty- five minutes. The testing areas of SAT- I are :

  • Critical Reading (includes reading passages and sentence completions).
  1. Reading Comprehension
  2. Sentence Completion
  • Mathematics(includes questions on arithmetic operations, algebra, geometry, statistics and probability).
  1. Problem Solving
  2. Student Produced Response
  • Writing (includes questions on identifying errors and improving grammar and usage).
  1. SAT Essay
  2. SAT Multiple Choice Questions based on  Grammar

SAT-I  is made up of 10 sections, three from each

  1. Critical Reading -Two sections of 25 Minutes and One section of 20 Minutes
  2.  Writing -  Two sections of 25 Minutes and One section of 10 Minutes.
  3.  Mathematics Two sections of 25 Minutes and One section of 20 Minutes
  • Apart from these nine sections, there is One more Section i.e. the Unscored   Section which is included for the assessment of questions for future use and it (the unscored section) does not contribute to the actual score. .
  • You’ll also get three short breaks during the test.

SAT Scores

  • Students receive their online scores in three weeks after giving SAT.
  •  Each section is separately graded from a 200-800 scale.  800 marks each for Critical  Reading, Writing and Mathematics constitute to a total of 2400 marks of the SAT.
  •  Writing scores of SAT range from a scale of 2 – 12, excluding the total 2400 marks.

When is SAT offered

  • SAT is offered seven times each year in the U.S. and six times internationally. It is offered in October, November, December, January, March if not alternatively in April (Only for USA), May and June.
  • Most students take SAT in their Junior (11th) or Senior (12th) high school.

How to Register for SAT ??

Register Online

The quickest and easiest way to register is online. One needs to choose a test date and test center in real time and receives immediate registration confirmation. By this, a student can also access registration for printing or correcting his/her Admission Ticket 24 hours.

Register by Mail

One needs to register by mail if :

  • He/she pays by check or money order (payable to "The College Board")
  • If  he/she is younger than 13 years.

 

IELTS

The International English Language Testing System shortly IELTS, is among the world’s popular English language proficiency tests for higher education and global migration. IELTS test is accepted by over 8,000 organizations worldwide including schools, universities, employers, immigration authorities and professional bodies.

IELTS is jointly owned by :

  • British Council
  • IDP: IELTS Australia  and
  • Cambridge English Language Assessment

via 900 test centers and locations in over 130 countries.

  1. British Council : British Council is the UK's international organization for educational opportunity and cultural relations and is represented in 107 countries worldwide. Email contact:  ielts@britishcouncil.org
  2.  IDP: IELTS Australia :It is one of the world's leading international education organizations offering student placement in Australia, the USA, Canada, New Zealand and the UK. IDP: IELTS Australia is a subsidiary of IDP Education. IDP Education has 40 years' experience in international higher education. IELTS Australia Pvt Ltd manages a network of more than 100 IELTS test centers in over 45 countries. Email contact:  ielts@idp.com
  3.  Cambridge English Language Assessment: Cambridge English Language Assessment is the world's leading provider of exams for learners of English. Cambridge exams are recognized by over 13,500 organizations worldwide and taken by over 4 million people each year in 135 countries. Email contact: ielts@cambridgeenglish.org

Two Versions/Formats of IELTS

IELTS basically demonstrates English language proficiency of a person in an English speaking nation. Therefore, two formats of IELTS are available, depending upon the purpose with which a person wants to move abroad.

 The first commonly seen category of people moving to other country  is of those candidates willing to study undergraduate and postgraduate levels. Besides them  nurses, medical professionals and all other professionals are there, who take “The Academic Training Module “ ,one of the two formats of IELTS.

 The second category of people moving abroad includes candidates willing to migrate to an English speaking country (Australia, Canada, New Zealand, UK) and for those wishing to train or study at below degree level, opt for “The General Training Module” of IELTS, second format of IELTS.

One can take IELTS Academic or IELTS General Training – depending on the organization a person is applying to and his/her plans for the future.

Skills Tested

Both versions or formats i.e. The Academic and The General Modules of IELTS assess following four English language skills-

  • Reading
  • Listening
  • Writing
  • Speaking.

Test Format

                                                  

As we know we have two versions of IELTS

  • IELTS Academic
  • IELTS General Training

Both the formats test same skill sets of the candidate. But there are few things irregular on the part of testing which is : the Reading and Writing sections are different in the Academic and General Training Modules. Although, Listening and Speaking sections are same for both.

Apart from this a candidate must also know that the Listening, Reading and Writing tests are done in one sitting. The Speaking test may be on the same day or up to seven days before or after the other tests, for both versions/formats.

IELTS Scores/Results

Results are generally said to be issued after 13 days of the test. There is no pass or fail in IELTS. Results are reported in the form of bands. The scores/bands are calculated on a scale from 1 band  (the lowest) to 9 bands (the highest). 

                                                The IELTS band score scale

9

Expert user

8

Very good user

7

Good user

6

Competent user

5

Modest user

4

Limited user

3

Extremely limited user

2

Intermittent user

1

Non user

0

Did not attempt the test

 

 

 

TOEFL

Test of English as a Foreign Language is formally abbreviated as TOEFL. It tests individual ability to use and understand English in an academic setting at University level. It is designed to evaluate your mastery of the English language and your ability to be successful in an English-speaking academic environment. TOEFL test is designed and administered by Educational Testing Service (ETS). TOEFL is a registered trademark of ETS.

TOEFL iBT Test Sections

The test is in English. It has 4 sections (reading, listening, speaking and writing), and takes about 4½ hours. Taking notes is allowed during the TOEFL iBT; your notes will be collected after the test.


SECTION


TIME LIMIT


QUESTIONS


TASKS

Reading*

60–80 minutes

36–56 questions

Read 3 or 4 passages from academic texts and answer questions.

Listening*

60–90 minutes

34–51 questions

Listen to lectures, classroom discussions and conversations, and then answer questions.

BREAK

10 minutes

Speaking

20 minutes

6 tasks

Express an opinion on a familiar topic; speak based on reading and listening tasks.

Writing

50 minutes

2 tasks

Write essay responses based on reading and listening tasks; support an opinion in writing.

 

The test you take may include extra questions in the Reading* or Listening* section that do not count toward your score. These are either questions that enable ETS to make test scores comparable across administrations or new questions that help ETS determine how such questions function under actual testing conditions.

REGISTRATION & FEES

Below are details on our fees and payment policies:

Item

Fees

Registration

Fees vary by country.

Late registration

US$35

Rescheduling

US$60

Reinstatement of canceled scores

US$20

Additional score reports (per institution or agency)

US$18 each

Speaking or Writing Section rescore

US$80

Speaking and Writing Section rescore

US$160

Returned personal check (paper or electronic)

US$20

Fees are subject to change without notice. The above amounts are exclusive of the Value Added or similar taxes. Those taxes are payable in addition to the amount quoted.

Register for the TOEFL iBT Test

For Online Registration

  • A student can register 24 hours a day or seven days a week. It must be ensured that the candidates name appear exactly the same as it seen on the time of identification on test day.  
  • Pay with a credit/debit card: American Express, Discover, JCB, MasterCard or VISA. You can also use a PayPal account or an electronic check (e-check if you have a bank account in the United States or its territories.
  • Registration closes seven days before your test date.
  • Late registration closes three days before your test date (not including the day of the test) and has a late fee of US$35

Register By Phone

  • Review the Registration Form (PDF) before you call. Spell your name exactly as it appears on the identification you will bring on test day.
  • Pay with credit/debit card: American Express, Discover, JCB, MasterCard or VISA; via a PayPal account; or use an electronic check (e-check) if you have a bank account in the United States or its territories.
  • Registration closes seven days before your test date (not including the day of the test).
  • Late registration by phone closes at 5 p.m. local test center time on the business day before the test and has a late fee of US$35.

Register By Mail

  • Spell your name exactly as it appears on the identification you will bring on test day.
  • Choose one of the payment methods listed on the form.
  • Send the form with your payment to the address on the form or to your Regional Registration Center.
  • Forms must be received at least four weeks before your test date.
  • If you do not receive a confirmation, call the location where you mailed your paperwork —at least three business days before your registration deadline.
  • If you register by mail you will need to enter certain codes manually that are input automatically online. See Code Lists for Registering by Mail.

Payment Modes

  1. Credit/debit card — American Express®, Discover®, JCB®, MasterCard® or VISA®.

Note: American Express, Discover, JCB and MasterCard are NOT accepted for the following locations: Benin, Cameroon, Côte d'Ivoire, Ghana, Kenya, Nigeria and Togo. Only VISA cards are accepted for those locations.

Note: When you select credit/debit card as your payment method, you have the option to pay in select local currencies instead of U.S. dollars. You can change your selection at any time before your click "Submit" to process your payment. The system will display available local currencies and the credit card types supported for each.

  1. Electronic checks (e-checks) — drawn on a bank in the United States or its territories. E-checks can be used to register online or by phone.
  2. PayPal® account — payment can be made via PayPal.
  3. Paper check — the following types of checks are accepted:
    • personal paper checks or money orders in U.S. dollars must be drawn on a bank in the United States and made payable to ETS-TOEFL iBT
    • Euro checks drawn on a bank in the same European country as the currency
    • checks in Canadian dollars drawn on a bank in Canada